(410). Others object to this view on the ground that it implies a mistaken expectation on the part of the Apostle, as well as because either the word ‘coming,’ or, ‘appearing,’ would be used, if that were the sense. We therefore supply ‘you’ in our explanation of the preceding part of the verse, the whole being hortatory in its tone. Matthew tells us the conversation between Jesus and the Pharisees and the Sadducees. Knowing the time - Taking a proper "estimate" of the time. Haldane's Exposition on the Epistle to the Romans and Hebrews, John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible, Robertson's Word Pictures in the New Testament, Preacher's Complete Homiletical Commentary, Expository Notes with Practical Observations on the New Testament, Greek Testament Critical Exegetical Commentary, Heinrich Meyer's Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the New Testament, Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament, Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible, Alexander MacLaren's Expositions of Holy Scripture, Justin Edwards' Family Bible New Testament, William Godbey's Commentary on the New Testament, Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament, George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged, Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers, Hodge's Commentary on Romans, Ephesians and First Corintians, Living By Faith: Commentary on Romans & 1st Corinthians. It contemplates a sleeper who is urged to awake because it is almost daybreak. Romans 13:11-12 King James Version (KJV). The doctrine in these verses Romans 13:11-14, therefore, is, “that a deep conviction of the nearness of eternity will prompt to an upright life in the contact of man with man. Romans 13:11. He speaks of it as if conceptually and practically standing in close connexion with the close of human earthly existence, whether individual or general. Exhortations to mutual love. He himself knew that he could not know the time; and therefore he could not, and did not, teach any error on this point. In many places these words convey two separate ideas (in other texts, however, they can be synonymous). Sleep; the insensibility and inactvity of sin. “Love your fellow-man as yourself.” You know what hour it is. But Paul has already written that one cannot know that "season" (1 Thessalonians 5:1-3). For you. St. Paul, writing to the Romans, whose city was the seat of the empire, speaks largely of obedience to magistrates: and this was also, in effect, a public apology for the Christian religion. The third and most common, as well as the most natural interpretation of this passage is, that Paul meant simply to remind them that the time of deliverance was near; that the difficulties and sins with which they had to contend, would soon be dispersed as the shades and mists of night before the rising day. Because time was passing, they needed to do as much as they could for the Lord before they died. Pastor John Miller continues our study through the Book of Romans with an expository message through Romans 13:11-14 titled, “Understanding The Times”. Podcast Episodes Concerning Romans 13. The necessity of subjection, Romans 13:5. You must do this. 11.Moreover, know the time, that it is even now the very time for us to awake from sleep; for nearer now is our salvation than when we, 12.believed: the night has advanced, and the day has approached; let us then cast away the works of darkness, and let us put on the. While this explanation is certainly true, the text says "salvation," not death. The night is this period of time that we are living in—in the darkness of Satan's rule over the earth, under the governance of men, deceived by all the false religions, and so forth. They believed that Christ was to appear the second time without sin unto salvation; but when this advent was to take place, they did not know. When we believed.âWhen we first became Christians. But we, who always stand in the sight of God and of angels, and whom Christ, the true sun of righteousness, invites to his presence, we indeed ought to be much more careful to beware of every kind of pollution. But in the future it refers to the final completion of our salvation when we are presented perfect before God, and have been made ‘like Him (Christ)’ (Romans 8:29; 1 John 2:2). Kairos has been called "God time" because it occurs in places where key events, crucial times, special times, and decisive times are described. "Paul recognized the critical nature of the times. The works of darkness are shameful and wicked works; for night, as some one says, is shameless. In the past we entered into salvation when we were accounted as righteous by faith, when we became reconciled to God through Christ (Ephesians 2:8-9). This is in the line of all our Lord's teaching, which represents the decisive day of Christ's second appearing as at hand, to keep believers ever in the attitude of wakeful expectancy, but without reference to the chronological nearness or distance of that event. Knowing the season; since ye know the season. 12 The night is far spent, the day is at hand: let us therefore cast off the works of darkness, and let us put on the armour of light. ‘Salvation’ is regarded by most of the recent commentators as referring to the second coming of Christ. Some believe this verse refers to physical death instead of the Lord's final return. This may refer to the coming trouble that Nero would bring on the Christian"s in Rome. A. I believe that God wants us to know the times in which we live. And this is in the light of the fact that our salvation ( the final redemption of our bodies and enjoyment of the life to come) is nearer now than it was at that time when we began to believe. In the present it is a day by day experience as God ‘works in us to will and do of His good pleasure’ (Philippians 2:13). He is pointing to the motivation of why we ought to live like we live, why we ought to be doing all of these things that he has been telling us in Romans 12:3-21. “And knowing this time that it is already the hour when we should wake out of sleep: for our salvation is nearer than when we believed. I think because I have been reading David Platt’s Radical the passage grabbed my attention. The first is, that it means that the time of salvation, or special favor to the Gentiles, and of the destruction of the Jews, was fast approaching. (Alford p. 956), "knowing the season"-"you know the crisis that we are in" (Mon); "realizing the situation" (Wey); "make no mistake about the age we live in" (Knox) "The critical period, not time in general" (Robertson p. 409), Some think that this refers to the "second coming". This idea of awaking out of sleep was present in the teaching of Jesus (Mark 13:35-36; Luke 12:35-36), and repeated by Paul (Ephesians 5:14; 1 Thessalonians 5:6). It is possible for us to go through our lives as believers lethargic and insensible, but such a condition is not wise in view of what lies ahead of us. In this passage, Paul puts into place a series of contrasts that are easily remembered and well-known in biblical literature: night versus day, darkness versus light, honor and virtue versus debauchery and licentiousness. Greek. We should not expect to find chronos used here, because that would suggest Paul and these Christians knew the date of the Lord's return, information Christians do not have ( Matthew 24:36). He has no need to feel great anxiety, excepting the eagerness of expectation, ), knowing that it is high time for you to awake out of sleep, that it is the hour for you to be already roused out of sleep, The night is far spent, the day is at hand: let us therefore put off the works of darkness, and let us put on the armour of light, Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers. And that, knowing the time, that now it is high time to awake out of sleep; for now is our salvation nearer than then we believed. (McGuiggan p. 389), Paul exhorted Christians in other places to be alert. He was under no illusions about the permanence of his present opportunity of preaching the gospel without let or hindrance, but he was determined to exploit it to the full while it lasted." yet he always had a strong sense of the nearness of that Day when Christ would Come! « Romans 13:11. Verses 12 to 14 delve more deeply into this action. Romans 13:8–14 describes the Christian obligation to love our neighbors as we love ourselves. Therefore, the return of the Lord is closer than what it once was." 11.Moreover, etc. An outcome of this production was the New Testament for English Readers (4 vols.). Commentary on Romans 13:11-14 View Bible Text . Read Romans 13:11 commentary using Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament. For now (not the same word as ‘already’) is salvation nearer to us (or, ‘is our salvation nearer’) than whom we first believed. Jesus warned (Matt. Some will have the sense to be, that our salvation is now nearer, when the gospel is preached, and Christ offers us his graces, than when we believed the Messias was to come. A fuller explanation of chronos can be found in the commentary on Acts 1:7, but a brief illustration is given here. It was a divine time, a special and crucial time). At this point the interest in "clock time" diminishes and the focus is on the "special occasion." The Scripture sees salvation as past, present and future. 3. Romans 13:11 • Romans 13:11 NIV • Romans 13:11 NLT • Romans 13:11 ESV • Romans 13:11 NASB • Romans 13:11 KJV • Romans 13:11 Commentaries • Romans 13:11 Bible Apps • Romans 13:11 Biblia Paralela • Romans 13:11 Chinese Bible • Romans 13:11 French Bible • Romans 13:11 German Bible Interlinear Bible Bible Hub Contributed by Tony Abram on Mar 25, 2020 | 1,812 views. Of the renderings we give, the former is favored by the order of words in the original. Let no man deceive you by any means: for that day shall not come, except there come a falling away first, and that man of sin be revealed," etc., 2 Thessalonians 2:1-3; and 2 Thessalonians 2:5, "Remember ye not, that when I was yet with you, I told you these things?" That is more readily acknowledged to be from God than these. It cannot, therefore, be inferred from such declarations as "the day of the Lord is at hand;" "the coming of the Lord draweth nigh;" "the judge is at the door," etc., that those who made them supposed that the second advent and final judgment were to take place immediately. But Stuart, Hodge, and others maintain quite strongly the exclusive reference to the deliverance from present evil, the consummation of salvation for the individual believer in eternity. 5. The propriety of paying lawful tribute, Romans 13:6, Romans 13:7. The armor of light represents good, and temperate, and holy actions, such as are suitable to the day; and armor is mentioned rather than works, because we are to carry on a warfare for the Lord. Book Notes Barnes' Book Notes Jamieson, Fausset, and Brown Book Notes Robertson's Book Notes (NT) Commentaries Adam Clarke Barnes' Notes Forerunner Commentary Jamieson, Fausset, and Brown John Wesley's Notes Matthew Henry People's Commentary (NT) … Further, even if Paul had a personal hope that the Lord would soon return, that did not interfere with his so writing that his teaching corrected the errors of others, because it was itself inspired. Far … It"s just not another day, it"s another day in which we are closer to our goal of eternal life. This is the reason why it is time to be up and active, salvation is at hand. He … Romans 13:11 New International Version (NIV) The Day Is Near. The imagery seems to be taken originally from our Lord’s discourse concerning his coming: see Matthew 24:42; Mark 13:33, and Luke 21:28-38, where several points of similarity to our Romans 13:11-14 occur’ (Alford). On this great subject the Apostle taught the truth, as well as rebuked error. It is important that we follow God"s will carefully because the final phase of our salvation will take place very soon (i.e, glorification, cf. When the day arrives, the child says, "today is my birthday." The passing of time shouldn"t discourage the Christian, in fact, the faster that time seems to past, the more encouraged the Christian should get, "I am just that much closer to an final relationship with God.". 11. What is the meaning of such expressions must be determined by the context, in each particular case. Alford was a Calvinist, conservative and premillennial, though not dispensational. But the particles at the beginning, And this, are to be read by themselves, for they are connected with what is gone before; as we say in Latin Adhoec â besides, or proeterea â moreover. You might do things for which you had never found the time before. Others expound it, that the more our life is spent, we come nearer to the judgment of God, and to the salvation promised in heaven. The doctrine in these verses Romans 13:11-14, therefore, is, "that a deep conviction of the nearness of eternity will prompt to an upright life in the contact of man with man. Imagine a child who is waiting for his birthday. Hence the Son of man was to come for the destruction of Jerusalem, before the people of that generation all perished; and the summons of death is sometimes represented as the coming of Christ to judge the soul. The consideration by which this exhortation is enforced, is, that the night is far spent, and that the day is at hand, the time of deliverance is fast approaching. From that moment Christ began in us His saving work. The words ( ÎºÎ±Î¹Ì ÏÎ¿Ï ÍÏÎ¿) rendered and that, are by many considered as elliptical, and the word ( ÏÎ¿Î¹ÎµÎ¹ÍÏÎµ) do is supplied; âAnd this do.' 24:42-44), “Therefore be on the alert, for you do not know which day your Lord is coming. Subject to the governing authorities: The connection between Romans 12 and Romans 13is clear. There is nothing, therefore, in the Scriptures, nor in this immediate context, which requires us to suppose that Paul intended to say that the time of the second advent was at hand, when he tells his readers that their salvation was nearer than when they believed. Therefore, the foolishness of Christians becoming slack and careless in their service to God. Awake out of sleep.âA striking metaphor. Wake Up, Cast Off, And Dress Up! It is not necessary to supply anything; the sense is: and ye should the rather do this, i.e., Move one another’ (Romans 13:8), as afterwards expanded. He or she eagerly looks at the calendar each day waiting for their birthday to come. In this sermon outline it helps us to begin the day preparing to face the day with victory in the vision of the day. Paul immediately explains himself by adding, that now it is high time to awake out of sleep; it was the proper time to arouse themselves from their slumbers, and, shaking off all slothfulness, to address themselves earnestly to work. To do this is to fulfill the law of Moses, because love itself never hurts anyone. Eternity is just at hand, is the solemn consideration that Paul urges on his readers as a motive for devotion and diligence. Here Paul chose the second term (kairos), a word associated with special times (see the illustration in the preceding paragraph). Monday, November 25 2019 / Published in 2nd Reading, Advent, Romans Romans 13:11-14 This passage comes in the latter sections of Romans that primary contains various practices of the Christian life. They have been literally true in their application to Christians for centuries. Of that whole assembly to which he wrote, how few were Jews? 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